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In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A Step-by-Step Look into the Process

Aug 5, 2022 | Infertility, Fertility Treatment, In-Vitro Fertilization, IVF, Maternity

While infertility is one of the preeminent problems the world is facing right now, unlike a few decades ago, it’s not untreatable anymore. With the advancement in the field of medicine, things have quite changed.

If you have done your research into various fertility treatments, you might have come across the concept called In-Vitro Fertilization, or IVF. IVF is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) that has served millions of couples across the globe to conceive successfully despite having the problem of infertility.

While a lot of people who are searching for a fertility treatment know the basics of IVF, you might not be familiar with the whole process. In this article, we are going to help you with this exactly.

IVF Process

The In-Vitro Fertilization process has a total of five steps. And we have explained them below in the simplest way possible to help you understand how it works.

So, let’s begin.

Boosting the egg production (super-ovulation)

The first and foremost step for IVF is called Super-Ovulation. It is the process in which you are given fertility drugs to stimulate the process of egg production. In simple words, the process requires you to take drugs containing Follicle Stimulating Hormones, which help your body produce more eggs than the normal amount in a month.

But why is it done?

This is simply the game of numbers. The more eggs your body produces, the better the chances of successful fertilization during the treatment. In addition to the drug administration, at this stage, you also have to take frequent blood tests and ultrasounds to help your doctor check on your ovaries’ health and hormonal levels.

Removal of eggs

The process of removal of eggs from your body is called follicular aspiration. This is a minor outpatient surgical procedure requiring not much of your time. A day before this procedure, your doctor gives you a hormone injection to get your eggs to mature quickly.

To perform the procedure with precision, your doctor uses an ultrasound to guide a thin needle into your ovaries via your vagina. This needle then sucks all the eggs out one by one.

Sounds intimidating?

Don’t worry, you won’t feel any pain or discomfort, thanks to the medicines your doctor gives you prior to the procedure. You may feel some cramps afterwards, which usually lasts a day at most. Additionally, you’ll take medication to prepare the lining of your uterus as well to successfully receive the embryo during the later stage.

Sperm collection

This part is perhaps the simplest of all. All you’ll need is a sample of sperm from your partner. Or you may find a donor. Once the sperm is retrieved, the sample is put through a high-speed wash and spin cycle to find and extract the healthiest candidates.

Unification of egg and sperm

This is perhaps the part of the IVF process most people are familiar with – the combination of egg and sperm – or in technical words, “insemination.” The fertilization of an egg using this process usually takes a few hours. Another way your doctor may decide to perform this process is intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In this, the sperm is injected directly into the egg.

Transfer of embryo into the uterus

After almost 3-5 days of the fertilization of eggs, the time comes for your doctor to place the embryo into your uterus.

During this process, multiple embryos are placed into your uterus with the hope that at least one of them will place itself in the lining and begin to develop. In some cases, multiple embryos may also end up placing themselves in the uterus lining, which results in more than one baby.

Once it’s all done though, there’s only one thing left – a pregnancy test. That’s how you find out if the IVF procedure was a success for you or not.

Is IVF right for you?

IVF is actually safe for most types of infertility patients. Couples who are not able to conceive due to the reasons mentioned below may consider IVF.


However, please note the procedure is not for everyone. There are certain medical conditions that may make you unfit for it. These include ovarian dysfunction, fibroid tumors, abnormal hormone levels and uterine abnormalities. Though IVF for women diagnosed with these conditions might not always fail, the chances of success are comparably lower.

The results may vary from case to case. Hence, we recommend you contact your doctor in case of any confusion regarding IVF for yourself.

Where to find right treatment?

Search online, check reviews, and talk to successful couples. After analyzing book an appointment with the doctor.

Any IVF Fertility clinic or Hospital in Agra?

Yes, with a good success ratio Ravi Women’s Hospital, Agra have created credibility in the region. Under the guidance and knowledge of Dr. Rajni Pachori the Hospital is achieving new heights of success in Women’s Care.