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Anemia During Pregnancy: Everything You Must Know About

May 15, 2023 | Health, Child Care, Maternity, Mother Child Care, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Tips

Pregnancy is the best time that every woman would cherish for her lifetime. However, these precious nine months consist of several challenges for the mom-to-be and the baby inside. One among those is Anemia- a common yet considerable physical condition. Anemia during pregnancy can cause a range of symptoms and complications that can negatively affect both the mother and the unborn baby.

In this blog, we will explore the alarming symptoms of Anemia during pregnancy and ways to prevent it.

Anemia During Pregnancy: Symptoms, Preventions & Treatment

Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. Your body shows various symptoms when you have Anemia. Let’s learn about symptoms.

Symptoms of Anemia During Pregnancy: When Should you see your Doctor?

In the lack of knowledge, Anemia during pregnancy often goes unnoticed because the symptoms are similar to those experienced during pregnancy. However, it is important to recognize the signs and symptoms of Anemia so that it can be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.

Have a look at the various symptoms when you must see your doctor during pregnancy.

  1. Fatigue and Weakness: Fatigue and weakness are the most common symptoms of Anemia during pregnancy. You may feel tired all the time, even after getting enough sleep.
  1. Pale Skin: Anemia can cause your skin to appear pale, dull or yellowish.
  1. Shortness of Breath: Anemia can cause shortness of breath, even during light physical activity.
  1. Dizziness and Fainting: Anemia can cause dizziness and fainting due to a lack of oxygen in the body.
  1. Rapid Heartbeat: Anemia can cause a rapid heartbeat or palpitations.
  1. Headaches: Anemia can cause headaches due to a lack of oxygen in the brain.

These symptoms can occur due to the reduced amount of oxygen-carrying red blood cells in the body. As pregnancy progresses, the demand for red blood cells increases, which can exacerbate the symptoms of Anemia.

In severe cases of Anemia, women may experience complications such as preterm delivery, low birth weight, and post-partum depression. Anemia during pregnancy can also increase the risk of maternal mortality and morbidity, making it essential to detect and treat it early.

How can I prevent anemia during pregnancy?

Fortunately, Anemia is preventable. Here are some ways to prevent Anemia during pregnancy:

Iron-rich diet

Iron is an essential nutrient that helps the body produce red blood cells. During pregnancy, the demand for iron increases, making it crucial to consume an iron-rich diet. Good sources of iron include red meat, poultry, fish, beans, lentils, tofu, fortified cereals, spinach, and other leafy green vegetables. Combining iron-rich foods with vitamin C-rich foods such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, and peppers can help the body absorb iron better.

Iron supplements

Sometimes, an iron-rich diet may not be enough to meet the increased demand for iron during pregnancy. In such cases, doctors may recommend iron supplements. It’s essential to take iron supplements as prescribed by the doctor and not exceed the recommended dose, as excessive iron intake can cause constipation, nausea, and other side effects.

Prenatal vitamins

Prenatal vitamins contain essential nutrients such as iron, folic acid, and vitamin B12, which are crucial for a healthy pregnancy. Taking prenatal vitamins regularly can help prevent anemia and ensure that the body has all the nutrients it needs to support the growth and development of the baby.

Avoid iron inhibitors

Certain foods can inhibit the absorption of iron, such as tea, coffee, and dairy products. It’s essential to avoid consuming these foods along with iron-rich foods or supplements. Instead, consider consuming them separately, preferably a few hours apart.

Regular prenatal care

Regular prenatal care is crucial for detecting anemia and other health issues early. During prenatal visits, doctors may perform blood tests to check for Anemia and other nutritional deficiencies. If Anemia is detected, the doctor may recommend iron supplements or other treatments to prevent complications.

Rest and Exercise:

Getting enough rest and exercise can help prevent Anemia during pregnancy. Make sure you get enough sleep each night and day. Try to exercise for at least 30 minutes a day but first consult your Doctor.

Can We Treat Anemia during Pregnancy?

If you have been diagnosed with anemia during pregnancy, your healthcare provider may recommend treatment based on the severity of the condition. Treatment options for anemia during pregnancy may include:

  1. Iron Supplements: Iron supplements are the most common treatment for anemia during pregnancy. Your healthcare provider may recommend an iron supplement to help raise your iron levels.
  2. Blood Transfusion: In severe cases of anemia, a blood transfusion may be necessary. This involves receiving a transfusion of red blood cells to help raise your iron levels.
  3. Change in Diet: Your healthcare provider may recommend a change in diet to help increase your iron intake. They may recommend adding more iron-rich foods to your diet or avoiding foods that can be harmful to you.


Anemia during pregnancy can cause a range of symptoms and complications that can negatively affect both the mother and the unborn baby. Fortunately, anemia is preventable through an iron-rich diet, iron supplements, prenatal vitamins, avoiding iron inhibitors, and regular prenatal care. It’s essential to detect and treat anemia early to prevent complications and ensure a healthy pregnancy and baby.

Pregnancy is a time of joy and anticipation, and taking care of oneself is crucial for a healthy pregnancy. Eating a well-balanced diet, taking prenatal vitamins, and attending regular prenatal visits can help prevent anemia and other health issues. By taking these steps, women can have a healthy and successful pregnancy and welcome their bundle of joy into the world with peace of mind.

Certainly, a good doctor can help you in having a good pregnancy time. For any queries, do contact our Obstetrician-Gynecologist of Ravi Hospital Group in NoidaAgraFirozabad, and Aligarh. We have the best doctors with us to help you in every way!


This article should not be considered a substitute for medical advice. Please consult your treating Obstetrician Gynaecologist for more details.